From 1987 to 2000, the City of Detroit paid over $124 million in police misconduct lawsuits, averaging almost $10 million per year. In 2000, then-Mayor Dennis Archer requested a probe after the police were involved in 47 fatal shootings between 1995 and 2000, including six unarmed suspects. The probe resulted in two Consent Decrees from the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ).
The first Consent Decree dealt with issues found in Use of Force, Arrest and Witness Detention. The second Decree addressed the Conditions of Confinement in their holding facilities. The Consent Decrees forced Detroit to find solutions to these issues and carried a financial penalty until they did. Additionally, a monitor had to be paid by Detroit upwards of $2.3 million per year.
Within the Consent Decrees, the DOJ mandated for Detroit to implement a Management Awareness Software (MAS) platform. This was a top priority for the City of Detroit, but after attempting over several years to do this internally and failing, they realized they needed outside help.